Solidago canadensis, also known as Canada Goldenrod, is a beautiful and hardy perennial that is easy to grow and care for. With its upright central stems and dense clusters of bright yellow flowers, it adds a bold splash of colour to any garden in the late summer and fall. This species is attractive to bees, butterflies, and birds, making it a great addition to any wildlife garden.
In addition to its ornamental value, Canada Goldenrod has a long history of medicinal use. The root is applied as a poultice to burns, while an infusion of the dried powdered herb can be used as an antiseptic. The blossoms are analgesic, astringent, and febrifuge, and can be chewed or made into a tea to treat sore throats, body pains, fevers, and snakebites. The leaves and flowering tops have been used internally to treat a range of conditions, including urinary tract disorders, skin diseases, influenza, whooping cough, bladder and kidney stones, and more.
Canada Goldenrod is also edible, with young leaves and flowering stems that can be cooked and seeds that can be used as a thickener in soups. The flowers and leaves can be made into a tea, and the plant has been used to produce mustard, orange, and brown dyes. It is also the source of goldenrod essential oil.
Solidago canadensis is a versatile and valuable plant that adds beauty, wildlife habitat, and medicinal and edible benefits to any garden or meadow.
Caliche type, sandy, sandy loam, medium loam, clay loam, clay
General: Perennial herb from a fibrous-rooted, creeping rhizome; stems erect, solitary, branched above, densely short-hairy above, 0.3-2 m tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves lacking or, like the lower stem leaves, reduced and soon deciduous; stem leaves lance-linear to narrowly lance-elliptic, tapering to an unstalked base, 5-15 cm long, 5-22 mm wide, alternate, simple, sharply saw-toothed or entire, 3-nerved, glabrous to densely short-hairy or rough-hairy.
Flowers: Heads with ray and disk flowers, numerous in a dense pyramidal inflorescence from scarcely to much exceeding the upper leaves; involucres 2-5 mm tall; involucral bracts linear-lanceolate, from somewhat to evidently overlapping, glabrous; ray flowers yellow, mostly 10-17, 1-3 mm long; disk flowers yellow.
Fruits: Achenes short-hairy; pappus of numerous white hairlike bristles.”